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Much has been written about this film and Christopher cites many sources, but he omits Rony who is critical of Flaherty’s work and relationships with Inuit. On September 19, 1913, while the Karluk was icebound, Wilkins was lucky to be chosen by Stefansson to accompany him, Diamond Jenness, his secretary Burt McConnell and two Inupiat named Jimmy and Jerry, to the mainland to hunt caribou. This trip saved their lives as the Karluk was crushed by ice in January 1914. Although Stefansson was later accused of deserting the ship and his men, the evidence is that the ship started to drift while he and the hunting party were on the land, preventing them from returning. They spent the next four months along the Alaska North Slope as far west as Barrow. Fortunately for posterity, Wilkins had brought his camera on the hunting trip. As for Alex, Pálsson thinks that Stefansson was well aware of the racism of his time, and was probably afraid of the treatment his son would get if he lived with him in Euro-American society (p. 174). Pálsson draws an analogy with the sad story of Minik (Harper 2000) which was likely known by Stefansson (p. 177).

Although some had sexual relationships with Inuit women and even fathered children, neither were acknowledged by them. Shackleton and his men found themselves marooned in the Antarctic for five months. They lived on top of floating ice, fed on seals and kept warm by playing hockey and dog-sled racing. In April 1916, Shackleton and 5 of his men set off in three small lifeboats they had recovered, to find help on Elephant Island. The six men spent 16 days crossing 1,300 km of ocean.

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Patriarch Dougal Robertson, a British dairy farmer, just wanted to take his family on a boat trip for the “university of life,” as his son called it. On January 27, 1971, Dougal, his wife, and their four children set out on a wooden schooner called the Lucette, heading to parts unknown. While on Charlton Island in the fall of 1910, Flaherty met an Inuk man named Wetalltok who showed him a map he had drawn of the Belcher Islands (p. 73). The size of these islands and the possibility that they contained iron ore deposits attracted Flaherty and he convinced his sponsor to fund an expedition to explore them. With Inuit men, Flaherty travelled by boat to Great Whale River (Kuujjuaraapik/Whapmagoostui) and then spent the winter in the Fort George area. Unable to make the ice crossing to the Belcher Islands, the expedition rather journeyed inland, arriving at Fort Chimo , south of Ungava Bay, in May 1912. Among the Inuit he travelled with to Payne Lake on his way back to the Hudson Bay was Palliack who had a gramophone (p. 110), likely a source of inspiration for his film Nanook of the North. In recognition of his inland crossing, Flaherty was elected a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society in 1913, and hence given full status as an explorer (p. 128).

When did humans arrive on Wrangel Island?

Radiocarbon dating shows the human inhabitation roughly coeval with the last mammoths on the island c. 1700 BC. Though no direct evidence of mammoth hunting has been found, it remains a scientific hypothesis.

Eventually, diving gear was brought to him and he was brought to a decompression chamber, where he had to spend two days. He had been at depths that should have killed him in a situation that took the lives of everyone else on board. Author and activist Ailsa Ross gives readers a fun, informative piece of nonfiction that emphasizes the boundless potential of a new generation of women. Stunning portraits by artist Amy Blackwell accompany every biography in bold, vibrant colours. After the ship left, for almost a year, a dark blanket of silence descended upon Wells and his Inuit “colonists.” Then, in August 1924, the silence was broken. The Russians had got wind of what was happening on their island and did not like it one bit. The fuss was sparked off by the arrival at Wrangel Island of a Russian gunboat, the Red October. Captain B. D. Davydov arrested Charles Wells and his 14 Inuit — yes, 14; a baby was born on the Island — took them on board the Red October and headed for Vladivostok, his home port. To some the controversial Stefansson was the prophet of the North. To others he was an arrogant charlatan .The basis for Stefansson’s claim was prior occupation of the island for six months by the 17 survivors of the accidental sinking of the Karluk in 1914.

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The next day they landed briefly in Russia, and although they didn’t tell the Russian authorities the true nature of their mission, they did tell them they were headed for Wrangel Island. The Russians made it clear to them that Wrangel was Russian territory, but merely laughed at their intention to go ashore, a plan they felt was physically impossible.

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Eventually, he found himself trapped with a four square foot bubble of air. On May 28, 2013, divers in the wreckage of the Jacson-4 were attempting a triage of the vessel, which 100 feet down off the coast of Nigeria after capsizing. After 16 days, the raft was no longer usable, so the family their one inexperienced crew member fled to a dinghy. It was a 10 foot boat far over capacity, but they managed to cling on until they were discovered by Japanese fishermen on July 23, 1972. “The Last Voyage of the Karluk.” The Canadian Encyclopedia.

I recommend looking into Ada Blackjack’s story, but this audiobook is not the way. There were some weird pauses and pronunciations of words. I gave it a 2 hour try, but there were too many issues while listening. Being familiar with the disaster ofThe Karluk, I knew what kind of character Stefansson was. Mom was astounded by Knight, Maurer, Crawford, and Galle’s blind dependence on Stefansson.

After a serious back injury in 1954, which paralyzed him for 4 days, he was lucky enough to be discovered by a couple on a yacht who nursed him back to health. They promised they would send a ship out for him and two weeks later the Cook Islands government arrived to take him back to Rarotonga. Diane Glancy is a poet, novelist, essayist, playwright, and professor emeritus at Macalester College. Her works have won the Pablo Neruda Prize for Poetry, the Arrell Gibson Lifetime Achievement Award from the Oklahoma Center for the Book, a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Native Writers’ Circle of the Americas, a Juniper Prize for… The Plus Catalogue—listen all you want to thousands of Audible Originals, podcasts, and audiobooks. EMiC is funded by a Strategic Knowledge Cluster grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. I write about all sorts of books, but mostly middle grade and speculative fiction. She mentioned to me that she was interested in reading more about Ada. As someone who enjoys reading about Arctic exploration, and loved Niven’s previous book about the Karluk and her men’s disastrous time at Wrangel Island, I eagerly suggested this book for our next buddy read.